Midterm Review

[Midterm Test: 3-hour out of class exam]


Please review all topics below.

Observation and inferences

Shape of the earth and evidence

Percent error / percent deviation


Latitude and longitude (including minutes)

Overview of class rules and regulations

Lab safety


Calculating percentage

Calculating density

Calculating and drawing profiles

Calculating gradient (estimating and mathematically)

Contour lines and interval

Understand how streams look on a topographic map

Topographic maps

Compass directions of points


Characteristics of stars chart (ESRT)

Doppler Effect (red shift / blue shift)

Age of earth, universe and solar system

Sizing of items in the universe compared to other items

Heliocentric vs. Geocentric

Keplar’s laws

Calculating eccentricity

Apparent diameter of sun/stars

Orbital velocity and gravity

Seasonal Data (sunrise/sunset direction, location of zenith sun, hours of daylight/darkness, etc.) ===> Study the seasonal data chart from class!

Planetary rotation and evidence of

Planetary revolution and evidence of

Time Zones

Heliocentric/Geocentric Models

Moon Phases

Tides (spring and neap)

Eclipses (solar and lunar)

Relationship between energy and wavelength

Material properties and their ability to absorb energy

Methods of heat transfer (conduction, convection, radiation)

Air pressure conversions (mb to inHg)

High and low pressure systems

Layers and chemical makeup of the atmosphere

Isobars and isotherms

Specific heat (good absorbers are good radiators)

Wind formation and how winds are named

Land-Sea breezes

Air masses (formation and location)

Weather Fronts (why and where precipitation occurs in relation to them, weather changes associated with them)

Pressure systems (high/low, weather associated and wind direction)

Air masses (types, how they form)

Wind (how it forms, location of greatest wind speed)

Station Models (remember how to convert into and out of code! Out of code: Add a 10 or a 9 move the decimal add units. Into code: drop the 10 or 9 and decimal)


Weather movement across the US and NY (remember most storms move the west to the east in weather systems or especially in NY storms track in the North East)

Evaporation (factors effecting)

Dew point and Relative Humidity (what it is and how to calculate)

Phase changes of water

Precipitation (types and why it happens)

Sample Questions

Below are some sample questions you may expect to see on the test

Mobile Friendly Questions (HTML5)

Questions File (PDF download and software required)

Review Games

Below are some review games that can help you prepare for the exam.

Safety Rules

Observations and Inferences

Latitude and Longitude

Percent Error and Density


Coordinate System And Polaris

Topographic Maps Games

Mapping Games

Topographic Study Guide Games

Earth Science Map Review

The Universe




Foucault Pendulum And The Coriolis

Heliocentric And Geocentric Models


Earths Seasons

The Seasons

Seasons 1

Seasons 2

Earh Moon And Sun

Motions of the Moon

Eclipses, Tides And Gravity

Moon Phases

Moon Phases And Facts

Motions Of The Moon

Electromagnetic Spectrum And The Sun

Wind And Air Pressure 1

Winds And Air Pressure 2

Winds And Air Pressure 3

Winds And Air Pressure 4

Air Masses 1

Air Masses 2

Heat Transfer


Weather Terms


Air Masses And Fronts/Severe Weather

Review Intro To Weather

Dewpoint And Relative Humidity

Humidity Dew Point Severe Weather


Phase Changes