4. Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)
on the diagram below, which shows Earth’s orbit
around the Sun as viewed from space. Earth
is shown at eight diﬀerent positions labeled A
through H. Earth’s North Pole, Arctic Circle, and
equator have been labeled at position C. The
ar rows show the direction of orbital motion.
Approximately how many days does Earth take to
move from position A position C?
5. A tree in New York State casts a shadow as shown
in the diagram below.
What time of day and season are represented by
A. early morning in winter
B. early morning in summer
C. late afternoon in winter
D. late afternoon in summer
6. During which Northern Hemisphere season is
Earth closest to the Sun?
A. spring B. summer
C. autumn D. winter
7. The force of gravity between two objects is
A. masses are small and the objects are close
B. masses are small and the objects are far apart
C. masses are large and the objects are close
D. masses are large and the objects are far apart
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